An area threshold exists for all forestry projects in Scotland. If the area of land on which a project is proposed is greater than the area threshold, an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) might be required, to determine whether the project can take place.
Separate area thresholds exist for land that is in sensitive and non-sensitive areas.
Forestry projects fall into four categories:
- Afforestation: Planting new woods and forests, including direct seeding or natural regeneration, planting Christmas trees or short rotation coppice;
- Deforestation: Felling woodland to use the land for a different purpose;
- Forest roads: The formation, alteration or maintenance of private ways on land used (or to be used) for forestry purposes. This includes roads within a forest or leading to one; and
- Forestry quarries: Quarrying to obtain materials required for forest road works on land that is used (or will be used) for forestry purposes or on land held or occupied with that land.
Area thresholds and sensitive areas
|Project||Threshold where any part of the land is in a sensitive area||Threshold where no part of the land is in a sensitive area|
2 hectares in a National Scenic Area (NSA)
No threshold in other sensitive areas (listed below)
0.5 hectare in a NSA
No threshold in other sensitive areas
|Forest roads||No threshold||1 hectare|
|Forest quarries||No threshold||1 hectare|
If any work has been carried out in an area adjacent to the project within the previous five years, this area must also be counted towards the area threshold. For further advice contact Forestry Commission Scotland.
Land Information Search
Use the Land Information Search (LIS) to identify any designations or sensitivities which might affect the project. Any designations or sensitivities in place will determine the particular area threshold that applies. Contact details for the organisation responsible for these features will be provided on the report that is produced by the search.
Definition of sensitive areas
- a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI);
- land to which an order has been made under section 23 (nature conservation orders) of the Nature Conservation (Scotland) Act 2004;
- an area designated as a National Park under section 6(1) of the National Parks (Scotland) Act 2000;
- a property appearing on the World Heritage List kept under article 11(2) of the 1972 UNESCO Convention for the Protection of the Worlds Cultural and Natural Heritage;
- a scheduled monument within the meaning of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979;
- a National Scenic Area (NSA) as designated by a direction made by Scottish Ministers under section 263A of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 2006;
- a European site within the meaning of regulation 10 of the Conservation (Natural Habitats etc) Regulations 1994; and
- For the purposes of the thresholds, deep peat soil which is organic soil which contains more than 60 per cent of organic matter and exceeds 50 centimetres in thickness.
Environmental Impact Assessment of Forestry Projects (PDF 1.1Mb) has full details of the EIA process.
Map tools and datasets
- Land Information Search
A map-based tool that allows you to search for details about a chosen area of land.
- FCS Map Viewer
Explore a variety of Forestry Commission Scotland datasets on this map-based tool.
- Data Download
Access and download a wide range of Forestry Commission GIS datasets