The lodgepole pine - or Pinus contorta var. latifolia - is an inland variety of the American shore pine. Its straight stem was used by Native Americans for the central supporting pole of their lodges or wigwams.
The tree was introduced to Britain in 1855, and its remarkable tolerance to poor soil helped it quickly win favour as a timber crop in the north of Britain.
Facts about lodgepole pine
Uses: Today, the lodgepole pine’s timber is used for roofing, flooring and other joinery, and also in the production of chipboard and paper pulp.
Seeds: It has cones with prickly scales that require high temperature to open and release seeds.
Leaves: It has twisted yellowish-green needles found in pairs that measure 5–8 cm long. The tree tends to lose its lower branches as it matures to 24 metres in height.
Bark: The Lodgepole pine’s bark is variable but typically red-brown with fine curled flakes.
Height: The thin and narrow-crowned tree grows to 40 - 50 metres.
Natural range: Pacific coast of America through to Alaska