Crossing the Atlantic

Duncan MacDonell of Bolinn was one of the tenants served an eviction order in 1787.  His name, along with those of his family, can be found on the emigration passenger list for the three ships that left Fort William on 3 July 1802. Over 500 people set sail with them for Canada.

By this time Glengarry County had already been established. Many people from the Highlands made the trip across to Canada and America during the late 18th century. On several occasions, the Glengarry clansmen organised large scale emigration of their people.

Archibald McMillan

The start of war with revolutionary France in 1793 made travel to Canada difficult and dangerous. In 1802, however, a brief period of peace afforded the opportunity for another voyage. This was led by Archibald MacMillan of Murlaggan and his eight lieutenants, charged with the duty of "preserving good order among the people".

McMillan chartered three ships to carry the people across to Quebec; the Friend, the Helen and the Jane. Each passenger paid five guineas. This paid for a small space to sleep and basic food for the journey. Many arrived with only enough money to travel from Quebec to Glengarry County.

Family and friends met them on their arrival. Many earlier settlers had been given land by the government, but by 1802 this was happening less. People rented until they could afford to buy, supported by their Highland community.